Review First Online: 01 March This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. ACRP 02— Report A C R P. McCarthy J E C.
Gray L. Shi X. ACRP Synthesis 6. Best management practices for airport deicing stormwater. Chemosphere, , 43 8 : — CrossRef Google Scholar. Sustainable stormwater management at Fornebu-from an airport to an industrial and residential area of the City of Oslo, Norway. Smith Reynolds Airport. Stormwater pollution prevention plan. Winston Salem, North Carolina.
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Report No. A minimum data set of water quality parameters to assess and compare treatment efficiency of stormwater facilities. Understanding and managing deicer contamination of airport surface waters: A synthesis and future perspectives. Pollutants in Airport Runoff Waters. Aquatic toxicity of airfield-pavement deicer materials and implications for airport runoff. Mericas D. Understanding microbial biofilms in receiving waters impacted by airport deicing activities. Swietlik W.
Betts K S. Airport pollution prevention takes off. Vasilyeva A. Aircraft Deicing Operations. Transportation Association of Canada. Airport Cooperative Research Program Report Higgins J, Mac Lean M.
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- Towing - We move aircraft.
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Technical note. The use of a very large constructed sub-surface flow wetland to treat glycol-contaminated stormwater from aircraft deicing operations. Repositioning and maintenance towing are carried out without passengers and crews on board. In a walkout, the tractor driver is accompanied by a walkout assistant. The walkout assistant handles communications between the tractor driver and the cockpit and is responsible for safety during pushback and engine start-up. Single man pushback is handled by the tractor driver alone.
The tractor driver is in direct contact with the cockpit and apron control, and also performs the tasks of the walkout assistant. This ensures a faster and more economical pushback. For pushback and towing operations we utilize state-of-the-art towing tractors. When a towbar tractor performs pushback or towing operations, the towbars are generally provided by our customers.
However, EFM has numerous towbars of its own. The landing gear is mechanically locked, securely attaching it to the tractor. Locking in the nose gear makes it possible to perform the towing operation much faster than with a towbar tractor. In addition, towing without a towbar improves safety because there is no towbar that can fracture. Finally, towbarless tractors can be used more flexibly because there is no longer any need for the — usually incompatible — towbars for the various aircraft types.
As a result, tractor drivers do not have to go to the central towbar storage area after every pushback operation to exchange towbars. This considerably reduces vehicle running times and fuel consumption. Safety is the top priority in aviation — in summer and winter. Consequently, aircraft must be cleared of ice and snow before take-off.
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The aircraft de-icing system at Munich Airport is the only one of its kind in the world. What sets the Munich method apart:. Special infrastructure and procedures - At Munich Airport more than 95 percent of all aircraft are de-iced just before take-off with their engines running at special de-icing pads the remote areas at the heads of the runways. There are three de-icing pads for each take-off direction on the north and south runways. Each de-icing pad is provided with several de-icing vehicles. Short de-icing times - Each aircraft is simultaneously de-iced by several de-icing vehicles.
Depending on the aircraft type, two to six de-icing vehicles per aircraft are in use. This ensures a speedy de-icing operation.
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Repeat de-icing is rarely required - When an aircraft is sprayed with a de-icing fluid, it is protected against the formation of new ice for a certain time period, referred to as the hold-over time. Because of the proximity of the remote areas to the runway, they have the advantage that aircraft can take off within the shortest possible time after being de-iced.
This minimizes the possibility that the hold-over time for the de-icing fluid will be exceeded, which necessitates a repeat de-icing operation. State-of-the-art technology for de-icing vehicles and pads and recycling facilities - The EFM de-icing fleet consists of state-of-the-art Vestergaard de-icing vehicles. They are all designed for one-man operations. The de-icing specialist can operate and move the entire vehicle from the de-icing cabin.
The de-icing pads are provided with a recovery system for de-icing fluids. This permits the recovery and recycling of a substantially greater quantity of used materials than would be possible if aircraft were de-iced on the apron. Reduced de-icing costs through recycling - The recycling facility for aircraft de-icing fluids at Munich Airport went into operation in and is still considered the largest facility of this kind in the world.
There, used de-icing fluid is regenerated to produce fresh fluid in a very short time. EFM covers up to 70 percent of its annual requirements for Type I de-icing fluid through recycling and is able to significantly reduce de-icing costs. Comprehensive environmental management - By recycling, the wastewater treatment plant Eitting is relieved because significantly less glycol has to be biodegraded.
In addition, since the start-up of the recycling facility, more than , tonnes of CO2 have been saved from the production of new de-icing fluid. Another advantage of recycling: the waste heat from the recycling facility is used to heat the airport. Conclusion: The Munich method ensures safe, speedy, economical and environmentally friendly aircraft deicing. If an aircraft is on the ground for an extended period, the interior must sometimes be heated or cooled, depending on the weather.
For air conditioning purposes, EFM has state-of-the-art air conditioning vehicles and heating units. The air conditioning vehicles can provide fast and easy air conditioning for aircraft of almost any size. The heating units can be used for heating purposes and for de-icing turbine blades and propellers. Other ground handling service providers, airports,airlines and manufacturers of towing and de-icing equipment can benefit from our experience.
From training to consultation — we can deliver the support you need! With our partners Munich Airport Academy and AeroTech Consulting GmbH we offer onsite training in German and English for all relevant staff categories in the form of conventional classroom training and hands-on training. In addition, we can be on hand with advice and consultation, for example through onsite studies of de-icing processes and optimization opportunities.
Customer satisfaction is our highest quality objective and is the guiding principle for all of our activities. Our quality management QM is a key element of our working processes — both in our operations and administration. This benefits our customers, who can rely on a consistently high standard for all of EFM's services. At the same time our certified QM system comprises the basis for the continual review and optimization of all processes. This enables us to respond quickly to the increasing, evolving and new demands of our customers.
This comprehensive QM documentation comprises the basis for the everyday activities of our employees, who undergo regular training and assessment as specified in our QM system. The functionality and application of our QM system are also subject to regular internal auditing. At least once a year our management team evaluates the QM system. This includes assessing whether the specified quality and environmental targets are met.
aircraft moving, de-icing, air conditioning - Munich Airport
To maintain our certification, our QM system also undergoes an annual audit by an independent certification service provider. We impose stringent demands not only on ourselves, but also on our suppliers. Consequently, EFM regularly assesses its suppliers in external audits. The vehicles, equipment and other materials that we use also undergo regularl technical inspections and maintenance, primarily through external service providers.
Environmental responsibility is a defining aspect of our commitment to quality. We have integrated environmental protection into our quality management system. This means taking full account of environmental concerns in our day-to-day activities and when planning new projects.
Since July our environmental management has been certified under ISO Under our environmental management concept we have set several targets. In general, supplies and materials in all areas must be used sparingly to protect the environment.